琉球絣 Ryukyu traditional resist-dyed textiles
Ryukyu kasuri is a textile made in Okinawa prefecture. It is made mostly from silk and dyed with both plant and synthetic dyes using a kasuri or resist-dyeing technique. This craft features over six hundred different kinds of patterns inspired by the nature and animals of Okinawa and the main products are various kimono. Textiles specially made for summer kimono are known as kabe jofu. Ryukyu kasuri preserves the traditional hand weaving method of running a weft (perpendicular silk thread) between warps (parallel silk threads). This is a painstaking process and craftsmen patiently weave one to two meters of cloth per day.
For more detailed information including a description, history, and the general production process, please see the Kogei Japan: Traditional Crafts of Japan website.