西陣織 Nishijin brocade


Nishijin brocade (called Nishijin ori in Japanese) is woven silk produced in the northwestern part of Kyoto. According to official rules, only the brocades that are produced at fabric makers (called oriya) in Nishijin can be described as Nishijin brocade. A notable feature of Nishijin brocade is that watermark fabrics such as sha (a thin silk fabric) and ra (a roughly woven silk fabric) are used. The designs have a wide range, from simple to chic. Nishijin and Nishijin ori are registered trademarks in order to preserve the traditional process.

For more detailed information including a description, history, and the general production process, please see the Kogei Japan: Traditional Crafts of Japan website.

西陣織(にしじんおり)は京都府京都市街の北西部で作られている絹織物です。織屋によって製造工程が多少異なりますが、法律によって現在では12種類の品種が西陣織に指定されています。西陣織は、紗(しゃ)や羅(ら)といった透かし生地や二重構造の風通といった、多彩な織り方が発達していことが特徴的です。