久留米絣 Kurume-gasuri


Kurume-gasuri was woven in the territory of the former Kurume Domain in the Chikugo River basin. Women in the area are said to have established kasuri-ori techniques at the end of the Edo period, producing cloth distinguished by its combination of the simple feel of cotton cloth with elaborate kasuri (splash) patterns. The perfection of the result was determined by the depth of the indigo, the clarity of the white, and the boundary between them. Natural indigo is less penetrative than chemical dyes, making it difficult to reach to the interior of the fibers. Creating vibrant kasuri, therefore, required soaking the thread more than 40 times and the incorporation of wringing and beating steps.

久留米絣(くるめがすり)は、福岡県南部の筑後地方一帯で作られている綿織物で、日本三大絣の一つとされています。江戸時代の後期に生み出された手法で、綿糸を先に染めてから織ることで生じる微妙なズレの独特なかすれ模様が特徴です。