丹波布 Tanba textile

Tanbafu / Tanbanuno is a plain hand-woven cloth made of hand-spun silk and cotton in Tamba City, Hyogo Prefecture.Although it is plain woven, not only cotton but also tsumamiito (thread from defected cocoons) is used taken from Kuzumayu (cocoon scraps). This tsumamiito cannot be made into silk but is woven into the weft thread of Tanbafu. Basic colors are indigo and brown combined with green to create a striped pattern or a checkered pattern. In addition to indigo, the natural dyes for brown color are from chestnut bark, mountain plum bark, and Japanese alder bark, and the yellow color are from arthraxon hispidus, Jerusalem artichoke, and loquat bark.

丹波布(たんばふ/たんばぬの)は、兵庫県丹波市で織られていた手紡ぎの絹と木綿を交織にした平織の手織り布です。

木綿平織の縞織物ですが、緯糸に木綿だけでなく、屑繭(くずまゆ)という絹糸にならない不良の繭から紡ぎ出した「つまみ糸」を織り込まれています。藍と茶を基本色とし、藍と茶と黄、藍と黄を合わせた緑で縞柄や格子柄が織り上げられます。自然の染料は藍に加えて、茶色の染料は栗の皮、ヤマモモの樹皮、ハンノキの樹皮などを用い、黄色はコブナグサや、キクイモ、ビワの樹皮が使われています。